- Administer the presidential oath and the vice-presidential oaths before parliament prior to both assuming their offices.
- The chief justice is the chairman of the Judicial Council of Ghana.
- The chief justice oversees the administration of the Court of Appeal of which he or she is the most senior member.
- He or she is also a member and administrator of the High Court and the Regional Tribunals.
- Administer the oath of allegiance and the judicial oath to all justices of the superior courts or designate someone to act in his stead
- Chairman of the Rules of Court Committee which makes rules regulating the practice and procedure of all courts in Ghana.
- To set up a tribunal to resolve grievances against the Electoral Commission of Ghana.
- Convene and chair a tribunal to oversee proceedings relating to the removal of the president of Ghana from office.
- Appoint judicial officers on the advice of the Judicial Council and subject to the approval of the president.
Past Chief justices of Ghana
|Chief Justice||Time frame||Period|
|Sir Kobina Arku Korsah||6 March 1957 – 1963||Ghana – 1st Republic|
|J. Sarkodee-Addo||1964 – 1966|
|Edward Akufo-Addo||1966 – 1969||military rule (1966-1969)|
|1969 – 1970||2nd Republic|
|Edmund Alexander Lanquaye Bannerman||1970 -1972|
|Samuel Azu Crabbe||1973 – 1977||military rule|
|Fred Kwasi Apaloo||1977 – 1986||military rule (1977-1979)|
|3rd Republic (24 September 1979 – 31 December 1981)|
|military rule (31 December 1981 – 1986)|
|E. N. P. Sowah||1986 – 1990||military rule|
|Philip Edward Archer||1991 – 1993||military rule (1991-1993)|
|1993 – 1995||4th Republic|
|Isaac Kobina Abban||1995 – 21 April 2001|
|Edward Kwame Wiredu||2001 – 2003|
|George Kingsley Acquah||4 July 2003 – 25 March 2007|
|Georgina Theodora Wood||15 June 2007 – 8 June 2017|
|Sophia Akuffo||19 June 2017 – 20 December 2019|
|Kwasi Anin-Yeboah||7 January 2020 – to date|